Boemo ba Aterese 101: Melemo, Mekhoa, le Malebela

Boemo ba Aterese 101: Melemo, Mekhoa, le Malebela

U qetetse neng ho fumana liaterese tsohle lethathamong la hau li latela mokhoa o tšoanang 'me li ne li se na liphoso? Le ka mohla, ho nepahetse?

Leha ho na le mehato eohle eo k'hamphani ea hau e ka e nkang ho fokotsa liphoso tsa data, ho rarolla mathata a boleng ba data - joalo ka mopeleto o fosahetseng, libaka tse sieo, kapa libaka tse etellang pele - ka lebaka la ho kenya data ka letsoho - li ke ke tsa qojoa. Ha e le hantle, Moprofesa Raymond R. Panko bukeng ea hae pampiri e hatisitsoeng e totobalitse hore liphoso tsa data tsa spreadsheet haholo-holo tsa li-dataset tse nyenyane li ka tloha pakeng tsa 18% le 40%.  

Ho loants'a bothata bona, ho lokisa maemo ho ka ba tharollo e ntle. Poso ena e totobatsa kamoo lik'hamphani li ka ruang molemo ka ho beha data maemong a tloaelehileng, le hore na ke mekhoa efe le malebela ao li lokelang ho a nahana ho tlisa litholoana tse reriloeng.

Aterese Standardization ke Eng?

Ho tloaeleha ha liaterese, kapa ho tloaeleha ha liaterese, ke mokhoa oa ho tsebahatsa le ho fometa lirekoto tsa liaterese ho ipapisitsoe le maemo a amoheloang a litšebeletso tsa poso joalo ka ha a hlalositsoe polokelong ea boitsebiso e matla joalo ka ea Tšebeletso ea Poso ea United States (USPS).

Liaterese tse ngata ha li latele maemo a USPS, a hlalosang aterese e tloaelehileng e le, e ngotsoeng ka botlalo, e khutsufalitsoeng ho sebelisoa likhutsufatso tse tloaelehileng tsa Post Service, kapa joalokaha ho bontšitsoe faeleng ea hajoale ea Post Service ZIP+4.

Maemo a Aterese ea Poso

Liaterese tsa maemo e ba tlhoko e matla ea lik'hamphani tse nang le liaterese tse nang le lifomate tse sa lumellaneng kapa tse fapaneng ka lebaka la lintlha tse sieo tsa liaterese (mohlala, ZIP+4 le ZIP+6 codes) kapa liphoso tsa matšoao, casing, sebaka le mopeleto. Mohlala oa sena o fanoe ka tlase:

Liaterese tsa mangolo tse tloahelehileng

Joalo ka ha ho bonoa tafoleng, lintlha tsohle tsa aterese li na le phoso e le 'ngoe kapa tse ngata,' me ha ho e kopanang le litataiso tse hlokahalang tsa USPS.

Boemo ba aterese ha ea lokela ho ferekanngoa le ho bapisa aterese le netefatso ea aterese. Leha ho na le tse tšoanang, netefatso ea aterese e mabapi le ho netefatsa hore na rekoto ea aterese e lumellana le rekoto ea aterese e teng polokelong ea polokelo ea USPS. Ho bapisa liaterese, ka lehlakoreng le leng, ho mabapi le ho bapisa lintlha tse peli tse tšoanang tsa aterese ho netefatsa hore na e bua ka mokhatlo o le mong kapa che.

Melemo ea ho Beakanya Liaterese

Ntle le mabaka a hlakileng a ho hloekisa lits'oants'o tsa data, liaterese tse emeng li ka fana ka melemo e mengata bakeng sa lik'hamphani. Tsena li kenyelletsa:

  • Boloka nako ea ho netefatsa liaterese: ntle le liaterese tse emeng, ha ho na mokhoa oa ho belaela hore na lethathamo la liaterese le sebelisitsoeng bakeng sa phutuho ea poso e tobileng le nepahetse kapa che ntle le haeba mangolo a khutlisetsoa kapa a se na likarabo. Ka ho etsa hore liaterese tse sa tšoaneng li tloaelehe, lihora tse ngata tsa batho li ka bolokeha ka hore basebetsi ba hlahlobe liaterese tse makholo-kholo tsa poso bakeng sa ho nepahala.
  • Fokotsa litšenyehelo tsa poso: Matšolo a tobileng a ka lebisa ho liaterese tse fosahetseng kapa tse fosahetseng tse ka bakang mathata a ho lefella le ho romela melaetsa ka ho toba ka poso. Ho lokisa liaterese ho ntlafatsa ts'ebetso ea data ho ka fokotsa mangolo a khutlisetsoang kapa a sa romelloang, 'me sena se fella ka hore ho be le litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa karabelo ea mangolo.
  • Tlosa liaterese tse peli: mefuta e fapaneng ea lifomate le liaterese tse nang le liphoso li ka fella ka ho romela mangolo-tsoibila ho feta makhetlo a mabeli ho mabitso a ka theolang khotsofalo ea bareki le setšoantšo sa brand. Ho hloekisa manane a liaterese tsa hau ho ka thusa k'hamphani ea hau ho boloka litšenyehelo tse senyehileng tsa ho tsamaisa thepa.

Mokhoa oa ho beha liaterese maemong a tloaelehileng?

Ts'ebetso efe kapa efe ea ho tloaeleha ha liaterese e lokela ho kopana le litataiso tsa USPS hore e be molemo. U sebelisa lintlha tse totobalitsoeng ho Lethathamo la 1, mona ke hore na data ea aterese e tla hlaha joang ha e tloaeleha.

Pele le ka mor'a maemo a aterese

Ho etsa liaterese tse emeng ho kenyelletsa mehato e 4. Sena se kenyelletsa:

  1. Liaterese tsa kantle: bokella liaterese tsohle ho tsoa mehloling e mengata ea data - joalo ka li-spreadsheet tsa Excel, SQL database, joalo-joalo - ka leqephe le le leng.
  2. Lintlha tsa profaele ho hlahloba liphoso: etsa profiling ea data u sebelisa ho utloisisa boholo le mofuta oa liphoso tse teng lethathamong la liaterese tsa hau. Ho etsa sena ho ka u fa mohopolo o hlakileng oa mathata a ka bang teng a hlokang ho lokisoa pele o etsa mofuta ofe kapa ofe oa maemo.  
  3. Hloekisa liphoso ho kopana le litataiso tsa USPS: Hang ha liphoso tsohle li fumanoe, u ka hloekisa liaterese le ho li beha maemong ho latela litataiso tsa USPS.
  4. Tseba 'me u tlose liaterese tse peli: ho hlwaya liaterese life kapa life tse kopitsoang, o ka batla lipalo tse habeli ho spreadsheet kapa database ea hau kapa oa sebelisa hantle kapa ho tšoana ho fokolang ho theola litaba.

Mekhoa ea ho Beakanya Liaterese

Ho na le mekhoa e 'meli e fapaneng ea ho etsa liaterese tse tloaelehileng lethathamong la hau. Tsena li kenyelletsa:

Lingoliloeng le lisebelisoa tsa letsoho

Basebelisi ba ka iphumanela lingoloa le li-add-ins ho tloaeleha liaterese ho tsoa lilaeboraring ka mefuta e fapaneng

  1. Lipuo tsa lenaneo: Python, JavaScript, kapa R e ka u thusa hore u tsamaise aterese e sa hlakang ho tsebahatsa li-aterese tse sa nepahalang le ho sebelisa melaoana ea maemo ho lumellana le data ea hau ea aterese.
  2. Li-coding repositories: GitHub e fana ka litempele tsa khoutu le USPS API kopanyo eo u ka e sebelisang ho netefatsa le ho etsa liaterese tse tloaelehileng.  
  3. Li-interface tsa Lenaneo la Kopo: Litšebeletso tsa mekhatlo ea boraro tse ka kopanngoang ka API ea ho hlalosa, ho tiisa, le ho netefatsa liaterese tsa mangolo.
  4. Lisebelisoa tse thehiloeng ho Excel: li-add-ins le litharollo tse kang YAddress, AddressDoctor Excel Plugin, kapa Excel VBA Master li ka u thusa ho hlalosa le ho tiisa liaterese tsa hau ka har'a li-database tsa hau.

Melemo e seng mekae ea ho theoha ka tsela ena ke hore ha e theko e tlaase 'me e ka potlakela ho etsa hore data e tloaelehe bakeng sa li-dataset tse nyane. Leha ho le joalo, ho sebelisa mangolo a joalo ho ka senyeha ho feta lirekoto tse likete tse 'maloa' me kahoo ha li tšoanelehe bakeng sa li-dataset tse kholo haholo kapa tse phatlalalitsoeng mehloling e fapaneng.

Software ea netefatso ea liaterese

Sesebelisoa sa netefatso ea aterese le ho tloaeleha le sona se ka sebelisoa ho etsa hore data e tloaelehe. Hangata, lisebelisoa tse joalo li tla le likarolo tse itseng tsa netefatso ea liaterese - joalo ka database e kopaneng ea USPS - 'me e na le lintlha tse tsoang kantle ho lebokose la lintlha le likarolo tsa tlhoekiso hammoho le li-algorithms tse nyarosang tsa ho tiisa liaterese sekala.

Ho bohlokoa hape hore software e na le CASS tiiseletswe ho tsoa ho USPS mme e kopana le tekanyo e hlokahalang ho latela:

  • Khoutu ea linomoro tse 5 - ho sebelisa khoutu ea ZIP e sieo kapa e fosahetseng ea linomoro tse 5.
  • ZIP+4 coding - ho sebelisa khoutu e sieo kapa e fosahetseng ea linomoro tse 4.
  • Lesupa la Phano ea Bolulo (RDI) - ho etsa qeto ea hore na aterese ke ea bolulo kapa ea khoebo.
  • Tiisetso ya Sebaka sa Thomello (DPV) - ho etsa qeto ea hore na aterese e ka romelloa ho ea fihla ho suite kapa nomoro ea folete.
  • Mokhoa o Ntlafetseng oa Maeto (eLOT) - nomoro ea tatellano e bontšang ketsahalo ea pele ea ho pepa e entsoeng mofuteng oa tlatsetso ka har'a tsela ea mojari, 'me khoutu e nyolohang / e theoha e bontša hore ho na le taelo e ka bang teng ka har'a nomoro ea tatellano. 
  • Sehokelo se fumanehang sa Phetoho ea Liaterese (Khokahano ea LACS) - mokhoa o ikemetseng oa ho fumana liaterese tse ncha bakeng sa bomasepala ba lehae ba kentseng tšebetsong tsamaiso ea tšohanyetso ea 911.
  • latelangLink® e nolofalletsa bareki ho fana ka tlhahisoleseling e ntlafalitsoeng ea ho sebetsana le khoebo ka ho kenya lintlha tse tsebahalang tsa bobeli (suite) liatereseng tsa khoebo, tse tla lumella tatellano ea thomello ea USPS moo e neng e ke ke ea khonahala.
  • Le tse ling…

Melemo e ka sehloohong ke boiketlo boo e ka netefatsang le ho tiisa lintlha tsa aterese tse bolokiloeng lits'ebetsong tse fapaneng tse kenyeletsang li-CRM, RDBMs le li-repositories tse thehiloeng ho Hadoop le data ea geocode ho fana ka boleng ba longitude le latitude.

Ha e le mefokolo, lisebelisoa tse joalo li ka bitsa chelete e ngata ho feta mekhoa ea ho tloaeleha ha liaterese.

Ke Mokhoa Ofe o Molemo?

Ho khetha mokhoa o nepahetseng oa ho ntlafatsa manane a liaterese tsa hau ho ipapisitse le boholo ba lirekoto tsa hau tsa aterese, pokello ea theknoloji, le kemiso ea nako ea morero.

Haeba lenane la hau la liaterese le le tlase ho rekote tse likete tse hlano, ho lekanya ka Python kapa JavaScript e ka ba khetho e ntle. Leha ho le joalo, haeba ho fumana mohloli o le mong oa 'nete bakeng sa liaterese tse sebelisang data e phatlalalitsoeng mehloling e mengata ka nako e nepahetseng ke tlhokahalo e potlakileng joale software ea maemo a netefalitsoeng ea CASS e ka ba khetho e ntle.